lhTools - Sharp PC-1500 BASIC compiler/decompiler & LH 5801 assembler/disassembler

© Christophe Gottheimer, 1992-2015
Download C source code (v0.7.2) for Unix/Linux/*BSD/MAC-OSX: lhTools-0.7.2.zip.
Download Windows32 version (v0.7.2) (not tested yet): lhTools-0.7.2-win32.zip.
Download full documentation in PDF: lhTools-0.7.2.pdf.


lhTools is a toolbox for dissasembling and decompiling the BASIC or machine language programs of the SHARP PC-1500/A and TRS-80 PC-2.
It consists of 2 programs:
- lhasm (formerly lhbin) : To produce a binary image from BASIC, assembler, or hexadecimal dump sources;
- lhdump : To decompile, disassemble and decode the binary images.

Note: This version is still in pre-alpha release. It is not fully mature and bugs may be present.
Disclaimer: You use this code at your own risk. I am not responsible for any damage or any data lost or corrupted by using this software or by using the binary images created with this software while running them on a Sharp PC-1500/A or TRS-80 PC-2. Be sure to save your important data or programs before loading and running the binary images. C.G.

1/ lhasm

Usage: ./lhasm [-h] [-v] [-d] [-e] [-nc] [-ns] [-i] [-1] [-x] [-E] [-W] [-D symbol=value...]
                [-T | -L logfile ] [-F fragfile] [-K keywordfile] [-S symfile] [-M macfile]
                [-O origin] [fragment] [-N | -no] [-o outfile] srcfile
        -h                This help
        -v                Show version and exit
        -d                Show debug information
        -e                Enable verbose mode
        -nc               Disable comment copy into log file (if -T or -L set)
        -ns               Disable symbols/variables list into log file (if -T or -L set)
        -i                Immediate one pass only assembler. Read from stdin
        -1                Do assembler pass 1 only and stop
        -x                Output hexadecimal dump instead of binary into outfile (.hex)
        -E                Warnings treated as errors
        -W                Errors treated as warnings. Do not stop on errors
        -D symbol=value   Define the specified symbol to the given value
                          Several -D may be given if several symbols need to be defined
        -T                Enable trace mode output to stderr.
                          This is exclusive with the -L log option
        -L logfile        Output logs of the assembler processing into logfile (.log)
                          This option is exclusive with the -T option
        -F fragfile       Output fragments to fragfile (.frag)
        -K keywordfile    Output declared BASIC keywords to keywordfile (.keyw)
        -S symfile        Output declared symbols to symfile (.sym)
        -M macfile        Output defined macros to macfile (.mac)
        -O origin         Set origin address to specified value
        fragment          Set original fragment
         -B        BASIC fragment; This is the default
         -R        RESERVE fragment
         -X        XREG fragment
         -V        dynamic VARiables fragment
         -c        CODE fragment
         -b        BYTE (8-bits) fragment
         -w        WORD (16-bits) fragment
         -l        LONG (32-bits) fragment
         -t        TEXT fragment
         -k        KEYWORD fragment
         -H        HOLE fragment
        -N|-no            Do not output generated binary code
        -o outfile        Output binary code into outfile (.bin)
        If srcfile has a .bas extension, the BASIC mode is assumed.
        If srcfile has a .asm extension, the CODE mode is assumed.
        If srcfile has a .hex extension, the BYTE mode is assumed.

1.1/ Mnemonics

The following mnemonics are understood by lhasm:
        ADC[#]  (R)
        ADC     rl
        ADC     rh
        ADC[#]  (mn)
        ADC     n
        ADD     R
        ADD[#]  (R),n
        ADD[#]  (mn),n
        AND[#]  R),n
        AND[#]  (R)
        AND[#]  (mn),n
        AND[#]  (mn)
        AND     n
        BIT[#]  (R),n
        BIT[#]  (R)
        BIT[#]  (mn),n
        BIT[#]  (mn)
        BIT     n
        CALL    mn
        CPA[#]  (R)
        CPA     rl
        CPA     rh
        CPA[#]  (mn)
        CPA     n
        CP      rl,n
        CP      rh,n
        DADC[#] (R)
        DEC     A
        DEC     rl
        DEC     rh
        DEC     R
        DJC     d
        DSBC[#] (R)
        INC     A
        INC     rl
        INC     rh
        INC     R
        JR      cc,d
        JR      d
        JP      mn
        LDA[#]  (R)
        LDA     rl
        LDA     rh
        LDA     F
        LDA[#]  (mn)
        LDA     n
        LDD[#]  (R)
        LDI[#]  (R)
        LD      rl,n
        LD      rh,n
        LD      BC,R
        LD      BC,PC
        LD      BC,SP
        LD      R,BC
        LD      SP,BC
        LD      PC,BC
        LD      SP,mn
        OR[#]   (R),n
        OR[#]   (R)
        OR[#]   (mn),n
        OR[#]   (mn)
        OR      n
        POP     A
        POP     R
        PUSH    A
        PUSH    R
        SBC[#]  (R)
        SBC     rl
        SBC     rh
        SBC[#]  (mn)
        SBC     n
        SBR     (n)
        SBR     cc,(n)
        STA[#]  (R)
        STA     rl
        STA     rh
        STA     F
        STA[#]  (mn)
        STD[#]  (R)
        STI[#]  (R)
        XOR[#]  (R)
        XOR[#]  (mn)
        XOR     n

These mnemonics are aliases and provided as a standalone instruction to help in coding.
        LDW           := SBR (&C0)
        LJNE    k,d   := SBR (&C2)
        JNE     k,d   := SBR (&C4)
        BKW           := SBR (&C6)
        LJNES   d     := SBR (&C8)
        STS     (n)   := SBR (&CA)
        LDS     (n)   := SBR (&CC)
        VAR     n,d   := SBR (&CE)
        INTG    n,d   := SBR (&D0)
        ARG     d,n   := SBR (&D2)
        STB     n     := SBR (&D4)
        LDB     n     := SBR (&D6)
        IFC           := SBR (&D8)
        STVP          := SBR (&DA)
        LDPT          := SBR (&DC)
        EVAL    d     := SBR (&DE)
        ERRH          := SBR (&E0)
        RST           := SBR (&E2)
        ERR1          := SBR (&E4)
        LYX           := SBR (&E6)
        NORM          := SBR (&E8)
        SLX           := SBR (&EA)
        CLX           := SBR (&EC)
        ADN           := SBR (&EE)
        SXY           := SBR (&F0)
        CLS           := SBR (&F2)
        LDU     (mn)  := SBR (&F4)
        STU     (mn)  := SBR (&F6)

These instructions are aliases and are provided for backward compatibility:
        OUTA          := ATP
        RSET          := OFF
        STA     T0    := AM0
        STA     T1    := AM1
        STI           := LDI
        SWA           := AEX
        SWP           := AEX
        SLD           := RLD
        SRD           := RRD

Convention for the mnemonics describe above:
        n    := Byte 8-bits value, within 0..255 (&FF)
        mn   := Word 16-bits value, within 0..65535 (&FF)
        (n)  := Indirect 8-bits value, within 0..255 (&FF)
        (mn) := Indirect 16-bits value, within 0..65535 (&FFFF)
        cc   := Condition: C, NC, V, NV, Z, NZ, V, NV, ==, !=, <, >=
        d    := 8-bits displacement, within 0..255
        rh   := High 8-bits register: B, D, H, M
        rl   := Lowe 8-bits register: C, E, L, N
        R    := Whole 16-bits register: BC, DE, HL, MN
        (R)  := Indirect whole 16-bits register: (BC), (DE), (HL), (MN)
        A    := Accumulator
        F    := Flags (status)
        PC   := Program counter
        SP   := Stack pointer
        T0   := Timer with 9th-bit to 0
        T1   := Timer with 9th-bit to 1
        [#]  := Optional second page access
        k    := BASIC keyword code if k >= &E000 else a 8-bit value is assumed

1.2/ Base and character specifiers

When specifying an immediate value, the following specifiers are understood:
        n    := Hexadecimal 8-bits value (2-digits) within 00..FF
        &n   := Hexadecimal 8-bits value (1 to 2-digits) within &00..&FF
        #n   := Decimal 8-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within #0..#255
        @n   := Octal 8-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within @0..@377
        \xn  := Hexadecimal 8-bits value (1 to 2-digits) within &00..&FF
        \un  := Decimal 8-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within #0..#255
        \on  := Octal 8-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within @0..@377
        $c   := Character ASCII code of c
        mn   := Hexadecimal 16-bits value (2-digits) within 0000..FFFF
        &mn  := Hexadecimal 16-bits value (1 to 2-digits) within &0000..&FFFF
        #mn  := Decimal 16-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within #0..#65535
        @mn  := Octal 16-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within @0..@177777
        \Xmn := Hexadecimal 16-bits value (1 to 2-digits) within &0000..&FFFF
        \Umn := Decimal 16-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within #0..#65535
        \Omn := Octal 16-bits value (1 to 3-digits) within @0..@177777

1.3/ Unary operators

When specifying an immediate value, i.e, d, n, or mn, unary operator may be added as follow:
        +n   := Positive displacement, PC+d
        -n   := Negative displacement, PC-d
        *mn  := Offset between current and mn
        <mn  := High 8-bits from the= mn value, ie, m
        >mn  := High 8-bits from the mn value, ie, n
        !mn  := &FFFF XOR'ed 16-bits or 8-bits value
        ^n   := Set bit to '1 if n (1..16) or 0 (if n = 0)
        'mn  := First bit to '1 in mn starting from left
        /mn  := First bit to '1 in mn starting from right
        ~mn  := Swap byte m and n for 16-bits value
        ~n   := Swap digits nH and nL for 8-bits value

When specifying a register, unitary operator may be added as follow:
        #<rR := High 8-bits register from rR ie, B, D, H, M
        #>rR := Low 8-bits register from rR, ie, C, E, L, N
        #^rR := Whole 16-bits register from rR, ie, BC, DE, HL, MN
        #*rR := Indirect 16-bits register from rR, ie, (BC), (DE), (HL), (MN)
        rR is any register: rh, rl, R, (R)

When specifying a condition, unitary operator may be added as follow:
        #!cc := Return the inverse condition as shown below:
                !cc := Ncc
                !Ncc := cc
                #!!= := ==
                #!== := !=
                #!>= := <
                #!< := >=

1.4/ Symbols and variables

A symbol is global to the file and may be used at any time. The symbols defined in a source code may be savec into a .sym file by using -S 'symfile' option.

A symbol is declared by setting its name followed by : (colon). Note that no instruction is allowed after a symbol declaration.
With this, the immediate PC value is affected to the symbol.
To define a specific value to a symbol, use .EQU 'value'.
The name of a symbol should not start with . \ or % because these characters are reserved for special usage.

        .ORIGIN:        40c5
        DOBEEP1        .EQU        e669
                LDA        10
                PUSH        A
                CALL        DOBEEP1
                POP        A
                DEC        A
                JR        NZ,LOOP

Running lhasm will give:
                .ORIGIN:        40C5
2                .CODE        40C5
3        40C5        DOBEEP1:        .EQU E669
4        40C5        B5 10         LDA        10
5        40C7        LOOP:        .EQU 40C7
6        40C7        FD C8         PUSH        A
7        40C9        BE E6 69         CALL        DOBEEP1
8        40CC        FD 8A         POP        A
9        40CE        DF         DEC        A
10        40CF        99 0A         JR        NZ LOOP
11        40D1        9A         RET        

A variable is like a symbol but it is local to a source and variables are not saved by the -S options. A variable name starts with % and has the form %nnc where nn is a 2 digits number from 00 to 99 and c is lowercase character from a to z. A maximum of 2600 variables may be declared.

        .ORIGIN:        40C5
        %10a        .EQU        10
                LD        L,%10a
                AND        (BC),00
                INC        BC
                DJC        %01l

Running lhasm will give:
                .ORIGIN:        40C5
2                .CODE        40C5
3        40C5        %10a        .EQU 0010
4        40C5        6A 10         LD        L %10a
5        40C7        %01l        .EQU 40C7
6        40C7        49 00         AND        (BC) 00
7        40C9        44         INC        BC
8        40CA        88 05         DJC        %01l
9        40CC        9A         RET        

1.5/ Using macro

A macro is code to be developed each time it is found in the source. Imagine we want to have an instruction as JR > which does not exits. Just create a macro called JR> and when the assembler will find         JR> label it will expand this code. The parameter label will be passed to the code and substituted according to the macro rules.

A macro is defined by the directive:
        .MACRO: 'name'
followed by any code, with the eventual substitution marker and is terminated by
The subtitution marker are on the form __#n where n is within 0..9
When the macro is found in the code, the first parameter after the name is __#0, the second __#1, and so on, until the 10th and last parameter __#9.

An example with the macro JR>
        .MACRO:        JR>
                JR        ==,+02        ; If Z values are equal, test is false
                JR        >=,__#0        ; If C, the test is true

And the following source:
LDA 10
LD B,09
JR> gt
RET ; test false
gt: ; Greater than

Will give:
196        01FF        B5 10         LDA        10
197        0201        48 09         LD        B 09
198                        JR>        gt
198                                {
198        0203        8B 02         JR        == +02 ; If Z values are equal test is false
198        0205        83 01         JR        >= gt ; If C the test is true
198                                }
199        0207        9A         RET        ; test false
200        0208        gt:        .EQU 0208

By mixing the unary operators and substitution marker, some powerful macro may be defined:

        .MACRO:        LDR
                LD        #<__#0,<__#1        ; rH register loaded with high 8-bits
                LD        #>__#0,>__#1        ; rL register loaded with low 8-bits
The macro LDR is no define and will expand code to load the 16-bits value into a whole 16-bits register.
Now, write
        LDR        HL,8899
And see:
6                        LDR        HL 8899
6                                {
6        40C5        68 88         LD        #<__#0 <__#1 ; rH register loaded with high 8-bits
6        40C7        6A 99         LD        #>__#0 >__#1 ; rL register loaded with low 8-bits
6                                }

When developing complex macros, it is also necessary to have some labels for jumps or addresses related into the macro. Because the macros are reentrant, the labels should be available only inside the macro. To do this the 10 labels 0: 1: .. 9: are available inside a macro. Note that the label x: should NOT be followed by an instruction.
The macro XFER will do a copy in reverse from BC to DE until L is not &FF, but stops if the bit 7 (&80 := ^80 ) is set.
        .MACRO:        XFER
                LD        B <__#0
                LD        C >__#0
                LD        D <__#1
                LD        E >__#1
                LD        L >__#2
                LDI        (BC)        ; Load A with (BC) and increment BC
                STD        (DE)        ; Store A to (DE) and decrement DE
                BIT        ^08        ; Bit 7 of A is set
                JR        C,2:        ; Yes ! XFER is finished
                DJC        1:        ; Decrement L and jump to 1: if not C
And to transfer the BASIC A$ variable to &47FF, do
        XFER        A$ 47FF \u15

And see:
21                        XFER        A$ 47FF \u15
21                                {
21        40C5        48 78         LD        B <__#0
21        40C7        4A C0         LD        C >__#0
21        40C9        58 47         LD        D <__#1
21        40CB        5A FF         LD        E >__#1
21        40CD        6A 0F         LD        L >__#2
21        40CF        1:
        ;        #XFER__00__#1        .EQU 40CF
21        40CF        45         LDI        (BC) ; Load A with (BC) and increment BC
21        40D0        53         STD        (DE) ; Store A to (DE) and decrement DE
21        40D1        BF 80         BIT        ^08 ; Bit 7 of A is set
21        40D3        93 02         JR        C 2: ; Yes ! XFER is finished
21        40D5        88 08         DJC        1: ; Decrement L and jump to 1: if not C
21        40D7        2:
        ;        #XFER__00__#2        .EQU 40D7
21        40D7        9A         RET        
21                                }

1.6/ Assembly inlining in BASIC program

To simplify to introduction of assembly code inside BASIC instructions like REM, POKE and DATA or when assigning a $ varible, it is now possible to call the assembler while a BASIC fragment is active.
The syntax is the following
        'basic line num' ...'inst':...'inst' \asm[
                assembly code, with symbols, variables and macros
        \]end 'inst'...
Note the \asm[ should be at the end of the source line and \]end at the beginning of a source line followed by a space.

A small example below:
                        .MACRO:        LDBC_nn
                        LD        B,<__#0
                        LD        C,>__#0
        10 REM        \asm[
                %80h        .EQU        ^08
                        LDA        00
                        LDBC_nn        7750
                        LD        L,%80h
                        STI        (BC)
                        DJC        loop
        20 POKE A, \asm[
                        SBR        (F2)
                        CALL        &ED00
        30 E$="\asm[
                        LDBC_nn        str
                str:        .EQU        .
                        \$A \$B \$C
                \]end EFGH"
        40 DATA        \asm[
                PUSH        HL
                PUSH        BC
                CALL        BEEP1
                POP        BC
                POP        HL
        50 END

Running lhasm on this source will give:
2                        .MACRO:        LDBC_nn
2                                {
3        ; LDBC_nn: 1                LD        B,<__#0
4        ; LDBC_nn: 2                LD        C,>__#0
5                                }
5                        .ENDMACRO        ; LDBC_nn
7        40CA                 10        REM        \asm[
8        40CA        %80h        .EQU 0080
9        40CC                 LDA        00
10                        LDBC_nn        7750
10                                {
10        40CE                 LD        B <__#0
10        40D0                 LD        C >__#0
10                                }
11        40D2                 LD        L %80h
12        40D2        loop:        .EQU 40D2
13        40D3                 STI        (BC)
14        40D5                 DJC        loop
15        40D6                 RET        
16        40C5        00 0A 0F F1 AB         \]end        
                B5 00 48 77 4A
                50 6A 80 41 88
                03 9A 0D
17        40DE                 20        POKE A, \asm[
18        40E5                 SBR        (F2)
19        40F1                 CALL        &ED00
20        40F5                 RET        
21        40D7        00 14 1C F1 A1         \]end        
                41 2C 26 43 44
                2C 26 46 32 2C
                26 42 45 2C 26
                45 44 2C 26 30
                30 2C 26 39 41
22        40FD                 30        E$="\asm[
23                        LDBC_nn        str
23                                {
23        40FF                 LD        B <__#0
23        4101                 LD        C >__#0
23                                }
24        4102                 RET        
25        4102        str:        .EQU 4102
26        4105                 \$A        \$B \$C
27        40F6        00 1E 12 45 24         \]end        EFGH"
                3D 22 48 41 4A
                02 9A 41 42 43
                45 46 47 48 22
28        4110                 40        DATA        \asm[
29        4117                 PUSH        HL
30        411F                 PUSH        BC
31        412B                 CALL        BEEP1
32        4133                 POP        BC
33        413B                 POP        HL
34        413F                 RET        
35        410B        00 28 32 F1 8D         \]end        
                26 46 44 2C 26
                41 38 2C 26 46
                44 2C 26 38 38
                2C 26 42 45 2C
                26 45 36 2C 26
                36 39 2C 26 46
                44 2C 26 30 41
                2C 26 46 44 2C
                26 32 41 2C 26
                39 41 0D
36        4140        00 32 03 F1 8E         50        END
        4146        FF         [END BASIC MARKER]

and the following BASIC program:

        10 REM \B5\00HwJPj\80A\88\03\9A
        20 POKE A,&CD,&F2,&BE,&ED,&00,&9A
        30 E$="HAJ\02\9AABCEFGH"
        40 DATA &FD,&A8,&FD,&88,&BE,&E6,&69,&FD,&0A,&FD,&2A,&9A
        50 END

1.7/ Assembler directives

.ORIGIN: 'base addr'
Set 'base addr' as new origin address.
End the assembler and upate pointers for saving binary file. If -ns is not specified and -T or -L logfile are given, the symbols and variables defined are listed after a .SYMBOLS: banner. If -ns is set, the symbols and variables are not listed.
.COMMENT: 'comment'
Set a comment to the current fragment.
Enter into BASIC fragment. BASIC lines are compiled. A BASIC line start wih a number 1..65529 followed by BASIC keyword or expression.
Enter into CODE fragment. LH5801 mnemonics are assembled.
Enter into BYTE fragment. Bytes 8-bits values are compiled.
Enter into WORD fragment. Words 16-bits values are compiled.
Enter into LONG fragment. Longs 32-bits values are compiled.
Enter into TEXT fragment. Text between " are compiled.
Enter into HOLE fragment. Obscure area. Only .SKIP 'nn' is expected to skip bytes.
Enter KEYWORD fragment. The BASIC keyword table is built. The word pointers area is updated. Note that .KEYWORD is expected to be specified on a 2048bytes frontier + &54, i.e, &0054, &0854, &1054, etc... .DEFINE: "'keyword'" = 'code'
Define 'keyword' with the 'code' as a new BASIC keyword. The entry point is fixed to the current PC address.
.CHECKSUM [[+]('code')]
Perform a checksum computation and write checksum value as a 16-bits word at the current address. The checksum is computed from the first .ORIGIN: and up to the current address. If ('code') is given. The checksum will be stored after putting 'code'. If + is given before ('code'), the 'code' will be added to the checksum computed.
.MACRO: 'name'
Define a new macro 'name'. All code given is assumed to be part of the macro until .ENDMACRO is encountered.
End the current macro.
.INCLUDE: 'file'
Include the file 'file'. If the file is already included nothing is done.
Dummy directives handled for backward compatibility with lhdump.

1.8/ Immediate assembler

The standard assembler has two-passes. But it is also possible to generate code immediately by calling the immediate assembler, ie, one-pass only with the option -i. In this case, the source code is read from stdin and if the trace mode is redirected to stderr (option -T), the immediate code and informations are printed. To exit from immediate assembler, use CTRL+D. Exiting by CTRL+C will not write a binary file, and the generation of symbols, fragments and macros files may be disturbed by CTRL+C.
If no -o 'binfile' option is given, stdin.bin is used as output binary file. Note that when running with immediate assembler, variables and symbols should be defined to correct value BEFORE assembling, else an error may generated due to to bad value or undefined. But macro definition and expansion are usable with the immediate assembler.

An exemple:
        ./lhasm -T -i -O 40C5 -c
1        40C5        .CODE
2        40C5        34         CLA        
        LD B,79
3        40C6        48 79         LD        B 79
        LD C,00
4        40C8        4A 00         LD        C 00
5        40CA        loop:        .EQU 40CA
6        40CA        F5         STI        
        CP C,C0
7        40CB        4E C0         CP        C C0
        JR NC loop
8        40CD        91 05         JR        NC loop
9        40CF        9A         RET        

Written 11 bytes (40C5:40D0) to stdin.bin

When started in immediate mode, the assembler accepts the directives below:
Displays the current fragment and address.
Set the -W option. The errors are processed as warnings.
Set the -N option. No binary output will be done.

2/ lhdump

Usage: ./lhdump [-h] [-v] [{-s|-d}] [-a] [-g] [-D:'dis'] [-C[=addr]] [-O addr]
                [-F infile] [-K infile] [-S infile] [fragment, ...]
                [-o outfile] infile
        -h                This help
        -v                Show version and exit
        -d                Produce listing file; This is the default
        -s                Produce source file; exclusive with -d
        -a                BYTE fragments are printed in HEX and ASCII
        -g                Use graphical character for &27 &5B &5C &5D and &7F
        -D:'inst'        In BASIC fragment 'inst' are disassembled
                where 'inst' is DATA, POKE, REM, VAR
                REM and VAR are disassembled only when code is found
        -C                Compute full CHECKSUM
        -C=addr                Compute CHECKSUM to addr-1, and compare to addr
        -O addr                Origin address, else start at 0000
        -F infile        Read fragment description from infile
        -K infile        Read keyword from infile
        -S infile        Read symbols from infile
        -o outfile        Write dump or source to outfile, else use stdout
with fragment:
        -B [addr]        BASIC fragment; This is the default
        -R [addr]        RESERVE fragment
        -X [addr]        XREG fragment
        -V [addr]        dynamic VARiables fragment
        -c [addr]        CODE fragment
        -b [addr]        BYTE (8-bits) fragment
        -w [addr]        WORD (16-bits) fragment
        -l [addr]        LONG (32-bits) fragment
        -t [addr]        TEXT fragment
        -k [addr]        KEYWORD fragment
        -H [addr]        HOLE fragment

lhdump is the full dumper, decoder, decompiler and disassembler. It works from a binary image (created by lhasm) and prints the dumped source according to the options.
        -B : A BASIC image is expected. So the BASIC decompiler is called
        -c : A ML image is expected, the LH5801 disassembler is called
        -X, -V, -R : XREGS, dynamic VARiables, RESERVE image is expected. So the decoder is called.
        -b, -w, -l, -t : A data image is expected. So the disassembler is called.
        -k : A BASIC keyword table image is expected.
        -H : A HOLE, i.e. an obscure area for stack, or volatile data. This area will be skip by the dumper.

When a BASIC image contains some ML code inside, in REM lines, variables or DATA, the -D:'inst' may be specified. Depending of the processed BASIC instruction, the LH5801 disassembler is called.

        -C or -C=aaaa : Computes and prints the code checksum. When -C=aaaa is given, the computed checksum and this stored into the ML code at the address aaaa is compared.
        -K file : Read the BASIC keyword file to produce the BASIC decompiled source. This is useful to decompile BASIC programs written with some BASIC extensions.
        -F file : Read the FRAGMENT description from the given file. The let a mixed segment of code, data, BASIC, ... in the same binary image.

3/ fragments

The usage of fragments describe how the binary image is structured. The following fragments may be define:
        CODE        : -c option
        BYTE        : -b option
        WORD        : -w option
        LONG        : -l option
        TEXT        : -t option
        KEYWORD        : -k option
        BASIC        : -B option
        RESERVE        : -R option
        VAR        : -V option
        XREG        : -X option
        HOLE        : -H option

The format of the fragment file is:
        .FRAGMENTS:        'origin'
        'fragment type1'        'address1'
        'fragment type2'        'address2'
        'fragment typeN'        'addressN'

Between to 'fragment type', a comment may be added with COMMENT text....

For example:
        .FRAGMENTS:        00C5
                CODE        00C5
                COMMENT        My program
                BYTE        0100
                TEXT        0120
                CODE        0130

The code starts at &00C5 to &00FF. The comment "My program" will be printed after a ;.
A data table as bytes starts at &0100 to &011F.
A text starts at &0120 to &012F.
A code starts at &0130 to the end of the binary image.

4/ Install

You need gmake and gcc to compile the lhTools-0.4
Just go into the .../lhTools-0.4 directory and type make. This will produce two executables lhasm and lhdump. Install them into your bin directory.

5/ What's new ?

In this version (0.4.0), the macro-assembler lhasm is introduced. In the same way, the old lhbin is removed, because it is easily replaced by lhasm:
lhasm -o 'binfile' 'hexfile'.hex
Note that if the source file extension is .hex, the BYTE fragment is assumed.

Some bugs are corrected into the disassembler lhdump.

6/ Bug and license
Bugs reports and suggestions: see README file

Copyright 1992-2013 Christophe Gottheimer

lhTools is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Note that I am not granting permission to redistribute or modify nsimII under the terms of any later version of the General Public License.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful (or at least amusing), but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program (in the file "COPYING"); if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

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